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In a Synodal Church, the Synod of Bishops is only the most obvious manifestation of a dynamism of communion that inspires all ecclesial decisions.  

The first level of exercize of synodality is realized in the particolar (local) Churches. After having recalled the noble institution of the diocesan Synod, in which priests and laity are called to collaborate with the Bishop for the good of the whole ecclesial community, Vgl. Wetboek, Codex van het Canonieke recht, Codex Iuris Canonici (25 jan 1983), 460-468 the Wetboek
Codex Iuris Canonici
Codex van het Canonieke recht
(25 januari 1983)
devotes ample space to those that are usually called “bodies of communion” in the local Church: the Council of Priests, the College of Consultors, the Chapter of Canons and the Pastoral Council. Vgl. Wetboek, Codex van het Canonieke recht, Codex Iuris Canonici (25 jan 1983), 495-514 Only to the extent that these organizations are connected with those on the ground, and begin with the people and their everyday problems, can a Synodal Church begin to take shape: even when they may proceed with fatigue, they must be understood as occasions of listening and sharing.

The second level is that of Ecclesiastical Provinces and Regions, of Particular (local Councils) and in a special way, Episcopal Conferences. Vgl. Wetboek, Codex van het Canonieke recht, Codex Iuris Canonici (25 jan 1983), 431-459 We must reflect on realizing even more through these bodies – the intermediary aspects of collegiality – perhaps perhaps by integrating and updating some aspects of early church order. The hope of the Council that such bodies would help increase the spirit of episcopal collegiality has not yet been fully realized. As I have said, “In a Church Synod it is not appropriate for the Pope to replace the local Episcopates in the discernment of all the problems that lie ahead in their territories. In this sense, I feel the need to proceed in a healthy “decentralization.” Paus Franciscus, Postsynodale Apostolische Exhortatie, Over de verkondiging van het Evangelie in de wereld van vandaag - Naar aanleiding van de Bisschoppensynode 2012 over de nieuwe evangelisatie, Evangelii Gaudium (24 nov 2013), 16 Vgl. Paus Franciscus, Postsynodale Apostolische Exhortatie, Over de verkondiging van het Evangelie in de wereld van vandaag - Naar aanleiding van de Bisschoppensynode 2012 over de nieuwe evangelisatie, Evangelii Gaudium (24 nov 2013), 32

The last level is that of the universal Church. Here the Synod of Bishops, representing the Catholic episcopate, becomes an expression of episcopal collegiality inside a church that is synodal. Vgl. 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Decreet, Over het herderlijk ambt van de bisschoppen in de Kerk, Christus Dominus (28 okt 1965), 5 Vgl. Wetboek, Codex van het Canonieke recht, Codex Iuris Canonici (25 jan 1983), 342-348 It manifests the affective collegiality, which may well become in some circumstances “effective,” joining the Bishops among themselves and with the Pope in the solicitude for the People God. Vgl. H. Paus Johannes Paulus II, Postsynodale Apostolische Exhortatie, Over de Bisschoppen, Pastores Gregis (16 okt 2003), 8

Document

Naam: VIERING VAN DE 50E VERJAARDAG VAN DE OPRICHTING VAN DE BISSCHOPPENSYNODE
Aula Paulus VI
Soort: Paus Franciscus - Toespraak
Auteur: Paus Franciscus
Datum: 17 oktober 2015
Copyrights: © 2015, Libreria Editrice Vaticana / Salt & Light
Voorlopig Engelstalige werkvertaling
Bewerkt: 27 september 2018

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