Paus Franciscus - 17 oktober 2015
In a certain sense, what the Lord asks of us is already contained in the word “synod.” Walking together – Laity, Pastors, the Bishop of Rome – is an easy concept to put into words, but not so easy to put into practice.
After reiterating that People of God is comprised of all the baptized who are called to “be a spiritual edifice and a holy priesthood,” 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Constitutie, Over de Kerk, Lumen Gentium (21 nov 1964), 10 the Second Vatican Council proclaims that “the whole body of the faithful, anointed as they are by the Holy One Vgl. 1 Joh. 2, 20.27 , cannot err in matters of belief and manifests this reality in the supernatural sense of faith of the whole people, when ‘from the bishops to the last of the lay faithful’ 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Constitutie, Over de Kerk, Lumen Gentium (21 nov 1964), 12 show thier total agreement in matters of faith and morals.”
In the Apostolic Exhortation Paus Franciscus - Postsynodale Apostolische Exhortatie
Over de verkondiging van het Evangelie in de wereld van vandaag - Naar aanleiding van de Bisschoppensynode 2012 over de nieuwe evangelisatie
(24 november 2013) I stressed that “the people of God is holy because this anointing makes [the people] infallible “in matters of belief” Paus Franciscus, Postsynodale Apostolische Exhortatie, Over de verkondiging van het Evangelie in de wereld van vandaag - Naar aanleiding van de Bisschoppensynode 2012 over de nieuwe evangelisatie, Evangelii Gaudium (24 nov 2013), 119, adding that “each baptized person, no matter what their function is in the Church and whatever educational level of faith, is an active subject of evangelization and it would be inappropriate to think of a framework of evangelization carried out by qualified actors in which the rest of the faithful People were only recepients of their actions. Paus Franciscus, Postsynodale Apostolische Exhortatie, Over de verkondiging van het Evangelie in de wereld van vandaag - Naar aanleiding van de Bisschoppensynode 2012 over de nieuwe evangelisatie, Evangelii Gaudium (24 nov 2013), 120 The sensus fidei prevents rigid separation between “Ecclesia” (Church) and the Church teaching (Ecclesia docens), and learing (Ecclesia discens), since even the Flock has an “instinct” to discern the new ways that the Lord is revealing to the Church. Vgl. Paus Franciscus, Toespraak, Ontmoeting met de verantwoordelijke bisschoppen van de Raad van Bisschoppen van Latijns-Amerika (CELAM) - Studiecentrum Sumaré, Rio de Janeiro, Bij gelegenheid van de algemene coördinatievergadering van de CELAM (28 juli 2013) Vgl. Paus Franciscus, Toespraak, Kathedraal van San Rufino, Assisi, Bij de ontmoeting met de clerus, religieuzen en leden van pastorale raden (4 okt 2013)
It was this conviction that guided me when I desired that God’s people would be consulted in the preparation of the two-phased synod on the family. Certainly, a consultation like this would never be able to hear the entire sensus fidei (sense of the faith). But how would we ever be able to speak about the family without engaging families, listening to their joys and their hopes, their sorrows and their anguish? Vgl. 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Constitutie, Over de Kerk in de wereld van deze tijd, Gaudium et Spes (7 dec 1965), 1 Through the answers to the two questionnaires sent to the particular Churches, we had the opportunity to at least hear some of the people on those issues that closely affect them and about which they have much to say.
A synodal church is a listening church, knowing that listening “is more than feeling.” Latijns-Amerika (CELAM), Aparecida, 13-31 mei 2007, Slotdocument Vijfde Conferentie van het Latijns-Amerikaanse Episcopaat en de Caraïbische Eilanden (29 juni 2007), 170 It is a mutual listening in which everyone has something to learn. Faithful people, the College of Bishops, the Bishop of Rome: we are one in listening to others; and all are listening to the Holy Spirit, the “Spirit of truth” (Joh. 14, 17)], to know what the Spirit “is saying to the Churches” (Openb. 2, 7).
The Synod of Bishops is the convergence point of this dynamic of listening conducted at all levels of church life. The synodal process starts by listening to the people, who “even participate in the prophetic office of Christ” 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Constitutie, Over de Kerk, Lumen Gentium (21 nov 1964), 12, according to a principle dear to the Church of the first millennium: “Quod omnes tangit ab omnibus tractari debet” [what concerns all needs to be debated by all]. The path of the Synod continues by listening to the pastors. Through the Synod Fathers, the bishops act as true stewards, interpreters and witnesses of the faith of the whole Church, who must be able to carefully distinguish from that which flows from frequently changing public opinion. On the eve of the Synod of last year I stated: “First of all, let us ask the Holy Spirit for the gift of listeining for the Synod Fathers, so that with the Spirit, we might be able to hear the cry of the people and listen to the people until we breathe the will to which God calls us.” Paus Franciscus, Toespraak, Sint Pietersplein, Tijdens de gebedswake ter voorbereiding op de Familiesynode (4 okt 2014) Finally, the synodal process culminates in listening to the Bishop of Rome, who is called upon to pronounce as “pastor and teacher of all Christians,” 1e Vaticaans Concilie, 4e Zitting - Dogmatische Constitutie over de Kerk van Christus, Pastor Aeternus (18 juli 1870), 25 Vgl. Wetboek, Codex van het Canonieke recht, Codex Iuris Canonici (25 jan 1983), 749. § 1 not based on his personal convictions but as a supreme witness of “totius fides Ecclesiae” (the faith of the whole Church), of the guarantor of obedience and the conformity of the Church to the will of God, to the Gospel of Christ and to the Tradition of the Church. Bisschoppensynodes, 3e Buitengewone Algemene Bisschoppensynode, Relatio Synodi - Familiesynode 2014 (18 okt 2014), 7
The fact that the Synod always act, cum Petro et sub Petro – therefore not only cum Petro, but also sub Petro – this is not a restriction of freedom, but a guarantee of unity. In fact the Pope, by the will of the Lord, is “the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops as much as of the multitude of the faithful.” 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Constitutie, Over de Kerk, Lumen Gentium (21 nov 1964), 23 Vgl. 1e Vaticaans Concilie, 4e Zitting - Dogmatische Constitutie over de Kerk van Christus, Pastor Aeternus (18 juli 1870), 2 To this is connected the concept of “ierarchica communio” (hierarchical communio) used by Vatican II: the Bishops being united with the Bishop of Rome by the bond of episcopal communion (cum Petro) and at the same time hierarchically subjected to him as head of the college (sub Petro). Vgl. 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Constitutie, Over de Kerk, Lumen Gentium (21 nov 1964), 22 Vgl. 2e Vaticaans Concilie, Decreet, Over het herderlijk ambt van de bisschoppen in de Kerk, Christus Dominus (28 okt 1965), 4
|Naam:||VIERING VAN DE 50E VERJAARDAG VAN DE OPRICHTING VAN DE BISSCHOPPENSYNODE
Aula Paulus VI
|Soort:||Paus Franciscus - Toespraak|
|Datum:||17 oktober 2015|
|Copyrights:||© 2015, Libreria Editrice Vaticana / Salt & Light
Voorlopig Engelstalige werkvertaling
|27 september 2018|